United States

2017 United States Key Figures
Population: 325 million
GDP growth rate: 2.27 %/year
Energy independence: 92.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 78.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 15.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.00%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world; it ranked first until 2009 when it was overtaken by China.

Per capita consumption reached 6.7 toe/cap in 2017, including 11 800 kWh/cap of electricity; the country consumes about twice the European average.

The country's total consumption decreased by an average of 0.6%/year to 2.2 Gtoe between 2007 and ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

After a 3% decrease in production in 2016 due to low crude oil prices, production recovered in 2017 with 6% growth (580 Mt, largest oil producer worldwide). It is expected to grow by 13% in 2018 according to the IEA monthly oil report. Overall since 2008, oil production has increased by an average of 8%/year. Oil production is concentrated in onshore Texas, around the Gulf of Mexico, North ...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been increasing by around 1%/year since 2012, reaching 755 Mt in 2017. However, it stands significantly below its 2004 level (887 Mt).

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Oil is mainly consumed in the transport sector (72%), followed by industry (17%, including non-energy uses). Oil consumption in the transport sector peaked in 2005 (574 Mt); it has been on ...


 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption declined by 1.5% in 2017, to 766 bcm. Between 2006 and 2016, gas consumption rose at an average rate of 2%/year.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

The electricity and residential-service sectors are the main consuming sectors, followed by industry.

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has been declining sharply since 2007, dropping from 1 020 Mt to 650 Mt in 2017 (-36%), its lowest level since 1982.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The power sector is absorbing almost all of the coal consumption; industry consumes most of the remainder (5%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2017, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption dropped by 2% in 2017, reaching 3 833 TWh. After increasing at a pace of 1.3%/year between 2000 and 2007, it remained roughly stable between 2010 and 2016.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The main consuming sectors are the services and residential sectors, followed by industry.

Since 2000, the share of services in total electricity ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The objective at the federal level is for renewables to account for 20% of the power production by 2020, involving a twofold increase in the production from wind, solar and geothermal sources in 2020 compared to 2012 levels. In 2017, 90% of this target was reached (share of 18%).

Several states have adopted ambitious long-term renewable targets for the power mix: Vermont (75% by ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2014, ahead of the COP21 in Paris, the US and China unveiled a bilateral agreement on the mitigation of their respective GHG emissions, implying a reduction of 26-28% by 2025 compared to 2005 levels for the US, including forestry. In 2016, the US (representing around 18% of global GHG emissions) formally ratified the Paris agreement on climate change. During COP22 (2016), the White House ...

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