United States

2018 United States Key Figures
Population: 328 million
GDP growth rate: 2.88 %/year
Energy independence: 96.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 78.8 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 15.6 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.36%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world; it ranked first until 2009 when it was overtaken by China.

Per capita consumption reached 6.9 toe/cap in 2018, which is about 60% higher than the OECD average, including 12 MWh/cap of electricity.

The country's total consumption was 2.3 Gt in 2018. It has remained relatively stable since 2000.

Oil is the ...


 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

The United States are the largest oil producer in the world with a total crude and NGL output of 676 Mt in 2018, up 16% compared to 2017. Overall since 2010, oil production has increased by an average of 9%/year. Oil production is concentrated in onshore Texas, around the Gulf of Mexico, North Dakota, California and Alaska.

These recent trends are mostly linked to the production of ...


 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption reached 796 Mt in 2018. It stands significantly below its 2004 level (880 Mt) despite a moderate increase since 2012.

Graph: OIL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

Oil products are mainly consumed in the transport sector (70%), followed by industry (18%, including non-energy uses). Oil consumption in the transport sector peaked in 2005 (574 Mt); it has been on the rise ...


 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption rose considerably by 10% in 2018, to a record 848 bcm. Gas consumption increased at an average rate of 3%/year over the last decade.

Graph: NATURAL GAS CONSUMPTION (bcm)

Electricity generation (37%) and residential-service sectors (28%) are the main consuming sectors, followed by industry (19%).

Graph: GAS CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, ...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has been declining sharply since 2007, dropping from 1 021 Mt to 624 Mt in 2018 (-36%).

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION (Mt)

The power sector accounts for most of the coal consumption (93%); the rest of the energy sector and industry consume the remainder.

Graph: COAL CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption increased by 2% in 2018, reaching 3 971 TWh. It has remained roughly stable since 2010.

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION (TWh)

The main consuming sectors are the services and residential sectors (76%), followed by industry (21%).

Graph: ELECTRICITY CONSUMPTION BREAKDOWN BY SECTOR (2018, %)

Renewable in % electricity production

The objective that has been set at the federal level is for renewables to account for 20% of the power production by 2020, implying a twofold increase compared to 2012 levels. In 2018, the share of renewables in electricity production was 17%.

Several states have adopted ambitious long-term renewable targets for the power mix: Vermont (75% by 2032), Hawaii (100% by 2045, with ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2014, ahead of the COP21 in Paris, the US and China unveiled a bilateral agreement on the mitigation of their respective GHG emissions, implying a reduction of 26-28% by 2025 compared to 2005 levels for the US, including forestry. In 2016, the US (representing around 18% of global GHG emissions) formally ratified the Paris agreement on climate change. During COP22 (2016), the White House ...

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