United States

2017 United States Key Figures
Population: 325 million
GDP growth rate: 2.27 %/year
Energy independence: 92.5%
Total consumption/GDP:* 78.1 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 15.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 6.00%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world; it ranked first until 2009 when it was overtaken by China.

Per capita consumption reached 6.7 toe/cap in 2017, including 11 800 kWh/cap of electricity; the country consumes about twice the European average.

The country's total consumption decreased by an average of 0.6%/year to 2.2 Gtoe between 2007 and ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

After a 3% decrease in production in 2016 due to low crude oil prices, production recovered in 2017 with 6% growth (580 Mt, largest oil producer worldwide). It is expected to grow by 13% in 2018 according to the IEA monthly oil report. Overall since 2008, oil production has increased by an average of 8%/year. Oil production is concentrated in onshore Texas, around the Gulf of Mexico, North ...

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been increasing by around 1%/year since 2012, reaching 755 Mt in 2017. However, it stands significantly below its 2004 level (887 Mt).


Oil is mainly consumed in the transport sector (72%), followed by industry (17%, including non-energy uses). Oil consumption in the transport sector peaked in 2005 (574 Mt); it has been on ...

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption declined by 1.5% in 2017, to 766 bcm. Between 2006 and 2016, gas consumption rose at an average rate of 2%/year.


The electricity and residential-service sectors are the main consuming sectors, followed by industry.


America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal consumption has been declining sharply since 2007, dropping from 1 020 Mt to 650 Mt in 2017 (-36%), its lowest level since 1982.


The power sector is absorbing almost all of the coal consumption; industry consumes most of the remainder (5%).


 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption dropped by 2% in 2017, reaching 3 833 TWh. After increasing at a pace of 1.3%/year between 2000 and 2007, it remained roughly stable between 2010 and 2016.


The main consuming sectors are the services and residential sectors, followed by industry.

Since 2000, the share of services in total electricity ...

Renewable in % electricity production

The objective at the federal level is for renewables to account for 20% of the power production by 2020, involving a twofold increase in the production from wind, solar and geothermal sources in 2020 compared to 2012 levels. In 2017, 90% of this target was reached (share of 18%).

Several states have adopted ambitious long-term renewable targets for the power mix: Vermont (75% by ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2014, ahead of the COP21 in Paris, the US and China unveiled a bilateral agreement on the mitigation of their respective GHG emissions, implying a reduction of 26-28% by 2025 compared to 2005 levels for the US, including forestry. In 2016, the US (representing around 18% of global GHG emissions) formally ratified the Paris agreement on climate change. During COP22 (2016), the White House ...

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