United States

2018 United States Key Figures
Population: 327 million
GDP growth rate: 2.86 %/year
Energy independence: 97.3%
Total consumption/GDP:* 77.6 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 15.3 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.03%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption reached 6.8 toe/cap in 2018, which is about 60% higher than the OECD average, including 12 MWh/cap of electricity.

The country's total consumption has remained relatively stable since 2000, but has increased by 3% in 2018, to 2.2 Gtoe. The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world; it ranked first until 2009, when it was overtaken by ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production (crude and NGL) has increased by an average of 9%/year since 2010 (of which 17% in 2018), reaching 671 Mt. The United States is the largest oil producer in the world. Oil production is concentrated in onshore Texas, around the Gulf of Mexico, North Dakota, California and Alaska.

The recent upwards trends are mostly linked to the production of non-conventional oil, which ...

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been increasing since 2012 (1%/year) to 790 Mt in 2018. It stands significantly below its 2004 level (880 Mt).


Oil products are mainly consumed in the transport sector (72%), followed by industry (18%, including non-energy uses). Oil consumption in the transport sector peaked in 2005 (574 Mt); it has been on the rise again ...

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption started increasing at an average rate of 2%/year in 2006 before rising sharply by 10% in 2018, to a record 850 bcm. That increase is largely due to fuel switching from coal because of lower gas prices. This was particularly significant in 2018, especially in the power sector, with the closure of a large number of coal-fired power plants.


America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has been declining sharply since 2007, dropping from 1 021 Mt to 624 Mt in 2018 (-36%).


The power sector accounts for most of the coal consumption (93%); the rest of the energy sector and industry consume the remainder.


 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption remained roughly stable between 2010 and 2017, but increased by 2% in 2018, reaching 3 953 TWh.


The main consuming sectors are the services and residential sectors (77%), followed by industry (20%).


Renewable in % electricity production

The objective is for renewables to account for 20% of the power production by 2020 at the federal level, implying a twofold increase compared to 2012 levels. In 2018, the share of renewables in electricity production was 17%.

Several states have adopted ambitious long-term renewable targets for the power mix: Vermont (75% by 2032), Hawaii (100% by 2045, with intermediate targets of ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2014, the US and China unveiled a bilateral agreement on the mitigation of their respective GHG emissions, implying a reduction of 26-28% by 2025 compared to 2005 levels for the US, including forestry. In 2016, the US (representing around 18% of global GHG emissions) formally ratified the Paris agreement on climate change. However, the administration reiterated its intention to formally ...

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