United States

2019 United States Key Figures
Population: 330 million
GDP growth rate: 2.35 %/year
Energy independence: 100%
Total consumption/GDP:* 75.2 (2015=100)
CO2 Emissions: 14.9 tCO2/capita
Rate of T&D power losses: 7.92%
* at purchasing power parity
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Total Energy consumption

Per capita consumption reached 6.7 toe/cap in 2018, which is about 60% higher than the OECD average, including 12 MWh/cap of electricity.

The country's total consumption has remained relatively stable since 2010, it has declined slightly, by 1%, to 2.2 Gtoe, after a 3% rise in 2018. The United States is the 2nd largest energy consumer in the world; it ranked first until 2009, when it ...

 Total energy consumption

Crude oil production

Oil production (crude and NGL) has increased by an average of 11%/year since 2016, reaching 745 Mt. The United States is the largest oil producer in the world. Oil production is concentrated in onshore Texas, around the Gulf of Mexico, North Dakota, California, and Alaska.

The recent upwards trends are mostly linked to the production of non-conventional oil, which has experienced a ...

 Crude oil production

Oil products consumption

Oil consumption has been increasing moderately since 2012 (1%/year) to 785 Mt in 2019. It stands significantly below its 2004 level (880 Mt).


Oil products are mainly consumed in the transport sector (72%), followed by industry (18%, including non-energy uses). Oil consumption in the transport sector peaked in 2005 (574 Mt); it has been on the ...

 Refined oil products production

Natural gas consumption

Gas consumption started increasing at an average rate of 2%/year in 2006 before rising sharply by 14% since 2017, to a record 877 bcm. That increase is largely due to fuel switching from coal because of lower gas prices. This was particularly significant in 2018, especially in the power sector, with the closure of a large number of coal-fired power plants.

Graph: NATURAL GAS ...

America LNG Trade Dataset

 Natural gas domestic consumption

Coal consumption

Coal and lignite consumption has been declining sharply since 2008, dropping by 46% (12% in 2019 alone) from 1 021 Mt to 546 Mt in 2019.


The power sector accounts for most of the coal consumption (92%); the rest of the energy sector and industry consume the remainder.


 Coal and lignite domestic consumption

Power consumption

Electricity consumption has been roughly stable since 2010; it declined by 2% in 2019, reaching 3 865 TWh.


The main consuming sectors are the services and residential sectors (76%), followed by industry (20%).


Renewable in % electricity production

The objective is for renewables to account for 20% of the power mix in 2020, implying a twofold increase compared to 2012 (18% achieved in 2019).

Eleven states have adopted ambitious long-term renewable targets for the power mix: Vermont (75% by 2032), Hawaii (100% by 2045, with intermediate targets of 30% by 2020, 40% by 2030 and 70% by 2040), District of Columbia (50% by 2032), ...

 Share of renewables in electricity production (incl hydro)

CO2 fuel combustion/CO2 emissions

In 2016, the US (representing around 18% of global GHG emissions) formally ratified the Paris agreement on climate change. However, the current administration formally notified the UN of its intention to withdraw from the Paris Agreement in November 2019, which will take effect in November 2020.

In 2015, the US presidency set a goal to reduce methane emissions from the oil and gas ...

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